Urbino, capital of the Region of Marche, was founded in the Roman era and was originally named Urbs bina - which means 'double city' in Latin - because of its location on two hills.
In the late 1400s and early 1500s, Urbino was the most refined and cultured city in the Region.
An existing example of the splendour of that period is the Grand Ducal Palace.
Under the influence of its duke, Federico di Montefeltro, Urbino was expanded and enriched with many fine churches and buildings.
He also built its university, which became very famous and remains, to this day, one of the most prestigious universities in Italy.